They are not farmers, but they are working in the name of farmers everywhere. Under their white lab coats, their hearts beat with a mission to unlock the secrets of the soil-Making the farmer’s work a little lighter, enhancing the productivity of every field and reducing the costly inputs that stretch the farmers economically.
These are the Phytopathologist or soil scientists who are always trying best to enhance the productivity of every filed by enhancing the activities of beneficial microbes and bumping off the harmful microbes that are present in the soil. Plants are involved in a complex network of interactions with microorganisms; some of those are beneficial, others are harmful, but the former are by far the largest and still the widely unexplored part.
Fungi, bacteria, virus and nematodes are those microorganisms who are the source of diseases in plants both externally and internally; resulting crop destructions on a large scale in epidemic form. The farmers of our country are mostly un-educated and lack technical knowledge.
They are unable to understand the modern scientific methods of agriculture and often remain ignorant of good means to protect and increase their yield. Whenever, insects like white fly etc. attack plants in field, farmers use unnecessary quantity of pesticides and synthetic chemical fertilizers in their field without recommendations of any AO (agriculture officer) to overcome this disease but unfortunately they didn’t know that many beneficial micrograms are also present beneath the soil and they kill by excessive spray of chemicals. These microbes create mutualism with the plants and play a major role in boosting of yield.
A good farmer always grows the soil, not crop by put on different methods like crop rotation, crop sanitation etc. Ultimately, they conquest to grow a remarkable crop yield from their filed. They always try best to sustain the nutritional level of the field by applying an adequate quantity of the pesticides and synthetic chemical fertilizers. The chances of formation of different new viral or bacterial strains become high and cause the source of diseases in epidemic form.
Now, it is necessary to beware the farmers about the presence of microbes in their fields because most of the farmer’s community still doesn’t know about the existence of microorganisms rather than they are beneficial or harmful.
These unfamiliar practices by farmers can make the soil less sustainable and may cause the low productivity of the fields in future. We have tremendous soil resources that we don’t completely understand.
Finally, we must have to overcome the unfamiliarity of the farmers by telling them the existence of microorganisms those are present in our soils and will be an emerging challenge in future. Recommended to provide proper and required training facilities to the Agriculture officers from time to time they could manage with any emerging challenges that may arise in future.
by: Saqib Mushtaq